How Solar Power Is Generated And How It Works : Complete Guide 2021

Now that the use of solar power is increasing, people are curious about its generation process. In addition, the public also wants to know how it works.

Generation of Solar Power

The utilization of solar energy has been the highest among all renewable forms of energy. And why not! It is easily accessible and is in abundance.

The generation of solar power is now an easy task. Thanks to the solar panels. It traps the solar energy and converts it into electric energy.

Therefore, with the help of a solar panel, you can exploit solar energy anytime and anywhere.

From Sunlight To Electric Current

solar power

We all know very well that the fuel for solar energy is sunlight. But some of us know that sunlight travels in photons of energy.

Photons of energy cover a distance of 9.3 million miles to reach Earth. Upon reaching our planet, they collide with the photovoltaic solar panel and each photon loses an electron.

This happens because of two reasons:

(1) The electromagnetic nature of light and

(2) the design of the photovoltaic panel.

The Electromagnetic Nature Of Light

Light is a transverse, electromagnetic wave. The wave nature of light was first illustrated through experiments on diffraction and interference.

Like all electromagnetic waves light can travel through a vacuum. The light we see is only a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. There are other radiations that we can’t see.

The part of light falling on our solar panel plays a useful role. Ones with too low energy pass through the cell as if it were transparent.

Design Of Solar Panel

Now we discuss the solar panel.

As the name suggests, the photo means light, and the voltaic means electricity. A photovoltaic cell is made of semiconductor or a combination of it. The construction is such that in return sets electrons free which then starts moving along the direction of the electric field.

It is a simple formula. The more cells, the more energy more than the panel will generate. And the more panels, the more energy the entire system will make.


Today we’re looking at silicon and how the introduction of other elements allows semiconductors made are a variety of according combinations to the availability and the efficiency. To conduct current, turning them into semiconductors well explore how putting different types of semiconductors together gives us electrical components like diodes and solar cells. Therefore, mixing two or over two types of elements. Different proportions semiconductors and the process of doing so is called doping.

Sillicon Semicondutors

Silicon one of the best widely used semiconductors its durable efficiency and even a slight improvement and the best ones are silicon semiconductors these are amazing products and very useful, the correct frequency of light moves some of the bond silicon electrons into the condition band. A potential difference moves them forming a current.

Protective Measures

Now back to our semiconductor design. There is another protection between the cells and the element glass cover plate. Once there, semiconductors start spreading the electrons and then making them flow in a direction, This generation electricity.

While the philanthropist is currently in need of power to power our home application or an industrial machine for the matter. They apply it to minimize the reflection and thus generate electricity.


To install it, we also need an inverter that takes the direct current from the solar panel and turns it into a current of current. Long with converting DC into useful Ac, the inverter also provides ground protection, and the system stats this voltage and current in Ac circuits off-grid network.

Classification OF Inverter

AS such the inverter itself has two different classifications. The first basis is on where the inverter is located. And the other is based on its on-grid or of the grid network.

A. Location-Based Classification

First of all, we will discuss its classifications and its selection.

These are of two types, firstly central inverter and microinverter.

Central Inverters

Central inverters were in use traditionally. But their dependence on all solar panels was not favorable.

This results in a power outage even if one solar panel fails.

To put it simply, central inverters work on a series circuit. So even if a single solar panel turns out to be defective, it affects the entire system. Therefore, leading to a system shutdown.

Micro Inverters

Microinverters came into existence to overcome the defects of Central inverters. What modification do they have?

Yeah, you guessed it right! They work on a parallel circuit. So even if one solar panel malfunctions, it will not affect your system.

B. Network-Based Classification

Classification is only based in off grid-tied network.

Off-Grid Networks

They store their plus engineer in case of the panel however in the case or of the winter is prolonged alternate source of electricity is disconnected from the local area off-grid inverters in the word.

Grid-Tie Inverters

Grid-tie inverters connect to the grid to energy and go to where their access energy goes.

The plus point about the tie to inverters is that’s own gets for the energy that they sent to the grid inverter and is being. The problem these types these inverters very useful might not receive the energy that their panels have given grid-tie inverters their panels has given to the grid.

Hybrid Inverters

It stores backup energy in the batteries and sets the rest to the grid but becomes a bit costlier than the other two which is hybrid combing.

From Inverters To Appliances

In order to run it, we have time to spare the machine and energy all over inverter has thankfully provided with us the alternating current we need to future into its journey power our machine whereinto divide into separate circuits propagate it into different current its journey until powers our machines. Access and heating system.

Other Types Of Semiconductors

So far, we are selecting semi-conductors made of silicon, because it is the best and the best semiconductors but other material with their other quality and has been used and compounds like this germanium, gallium, silicon and most important and interesting one among organic photovoltaics. There are also some advantages and disadvantages in this, in some people there are more advantages and in some, you get less.

Organic Photovoltaics (OPV)

Focusing on carbonic photovoltaics, he has attracted his silicon power due to its relatively powerful power. On a large scale, it can be very profitable and in the end, it can reduce the solar panel for the consumer. The main principle in the oven is its carbon-oriented structure, which can be manufactured in concrete design and with a lot of technology that gives them quality. One of his great plus points is his flexibility and unbreakable printability. He can be printed on a thin plastic roll.

How Far Have We Advanced in Solar Technology?

If we compare today’s solar panel, then we can see that we can see the Stark Advances. Which was even to enough be considered a useful energy source. The future is very bright for all renewables as they expected to account for 60 %of this growth according to a recent report form, Apart from battery reduction in the cost price and tax.

Also read: Why Solar Power is beneficial for the environment.

Final Thoughts

In this article, we covered everything about solar power; from the light emitted from the sun to the current electricity that starts our consumer. Along the way, we learned about semiconductors and their different types and many types.

If you feel responsible towards nature, you can check out our reviews of other solar products too:

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